PhD Full Form

Embarking on a doctoral journey can unlock a plethora of professional and academic prospects. However, when it comes to a PhD, what does it stand for? Comprehending the diverse requirements for attaining this esteemed qualification can assist you in determining its suitability for your aspirations.

What qualifications do you need to get a PhD?

To pursue a PhD, you generally need a master's degree or its equivalent. However, specific fields of study or institutions may consider applicants without a master's degree. Attaining a PhD involves conducting an original research project, which must be defended both orally in front of an examination committee and in written form. The research project should make a significant contribution to the existing body of knowledge in your field.

In general, universities typically mandate five to seven years of combined coursework and research for a PhD. This may encompass full courses, seminar classes, language prerequisites, internships, and independent research. Throughout this duration, you will be required to fulfill coursework mandates covering advanced knowledge and theories pertinent to your field of study. Additionally, you will undergo comprehensive exams and defend a dissertation in front of your doctoral committee.

Why pursue a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)?

A PhD, or Doctorate of Philosophy, represents the highest academic degree conferred by universities or higher education institutions upon a candidate who has submitted a thesis rooted in extensive and original research within their chosen field. While pursuing a PhD solely for high-paying jobs may not be the ideal motive, it is a suitable path for those driven to enhance their potential, recognize and overcome challenges, bolster confidence, refine communication skills, or acquire expertise leading to better job opportunities. A doctorate becomes the right choice for individuals seeking personal and professional growth.
In terms of job prospects after completing a PhD, candidates should leverage their potential and knowledge, applying for positions aligned with their domain-specific expertise. The following lines outline some career options scholars can consider post-PhD.

  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Researcher
  • Scientist
  • Lecturer & Professor
  • Author & Writer
  • Journalist
  • Editor & Critic
  • Philosophical Journalist
  • Industrial R&D Lab Professionals

Eligibility Criteria for PhD Admission in India

Applications are invited for Full-time/Part-time admission to the University's PhD programs across various disciplines such as Arts, Sciences, Humanities, Management, Law, Medical, Engineering, Linguistics, Commerce, Computers, IT, Finance, and other relevant areas, leading to a Master's Degree from a UGC recognized University (Central, State, Public, or Deemed University).

General Procedure for PhD Program Admission:

To be eligible for PhD admission, candidates must meet the following minimum qualifications:

1. Basic Applicants: Candidates are required to have a minimum of 55% marks or above in their Master's degree.

2. Exceptional Applicants: For candidates belonging to ST/OBC/SC and various categories, a minimum of 50% marks or above in their Master's degree is required.

3. Applicants with significant experience in the research field or relevant professional roles are strongly encouraged to apply for the PhD program.

4. Preference will be given to the following categories of candidates:
- Scholars who have completed SET/Lectureship/UGC JRF/NET/GATE/CSIR/ICAR/ICSSR or other fellowship-related exams.

PhD Entrance Exams for Admissions:

PhD entrance exams in Health and Medical Sciences across various universities in India may include a diverse set of criteria, often incorporating GATE/NET scores. The entrance test typically comprises two components. The first part is a Research Aptitude Test assessing numerical ability, language skills, and logical reasoning. The second part focuses on subject-specific knowledge, featuring multiple-choice questions and explanations. Our training program ensures that candidates are well-prepared for these exams, easing their entry into PhD programs.

University Admission Process:
1. Entrance Exam:

We guarantee 100% support for your PhD admission by guiding you through the application process, including the submission of your resume and required documents. Applying through online or offline portals becomes seamless with our assistance.

2. Guide Selection:

We facilitate the selection of a suitable guide registered with the University, ensuring the guide possesses high qualifications and expertise in the relevant field of research.

3. Topic Selection/Abstract:

Our support extends to helping you choose a research topic based on your Master's subject. We assist in preparing abstracts and presentations required for the admission process.

4. Synopsis:

We guide you in crafting a synopsis adhering to the university's guidelines, typically spanning 25-30 pages, outlining your selected research topic.

5. Coursework:

The coursework includes a combination of tests and studies, often with four exams, including Research Methodology. Following graduation, a six-month plan and report submission is required for the RDC/DRC meeting.

6. Article Writing/Publication:

Navigating the intricate process of selecting a topic and writing articles based on your research is simplified with our assistance. We support you in submitting 4-5 articles to research-based journals with high Impact factors, meeting the university's publication requirements.

7. Thesis Writing:

We provide support in crafting your thesis/dissertation, ensuring it complies with standard formats and the candidate's requirements. Throughout the writing process, we maintain open communication and make necessary changes as per your needs. The thesis length typically falls between 200 and 250 pages.

8. Viva Voce:

You'll participate in the viva of your thesis/dissertation before the Research Committee (RDC/DRC members) and your guide/co-guides. During this phase, you'll address questions raised at the meeting. The final version of the thesis/dissertation is then submitted to the university for approval.

9. Doctoral Completion:

Upon approval by the committee, and if no loopholes are found in your research work, you will receive a Completion Certificate, officially earning you the title of Doctor in the field of Health and Medical Sciences.

Duration of Doctorate

Full-Time Scholars, On-campus

Undertake one semester of coursework as prescribed by the Department.
Submit the thesis after 2 or 3 years, or within 5 years from the date of joining.

Part-Time - Internal

Scholars currently employed in universities at the time of applying for a PhD.
Submit the thesis after 3 or 4 years, or within the fifth year of joining.

Part-Time - External (4 years)

Requires registration under a guide from the University's Faculty before admission.
Candidates must be permanent Assistant Professor/Associate Professor/Professor in a recognized college.
Submission of a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the employer is mandatory.

Admission of International Students

Those selected under government scholarship schemes are admitted based on recommendations/sponsorship.
Self-supporting foreign students need a Research VISA and an NOC from the Ministry of Education, Government of India.

Coursework Requirements:

All researchers must complete a minimum of three/four six-credit courses, including a research methodology course.
Exemptions from coursework are granted to candidates with M.Phil. degrees in the same research area.

Changes and Requests:

Specific research areas can be changed within one year from the admission date, subject to Research Advisory Committee recommendations.

Publication Requirement (2023-2024):

PhD candidates between 2023 and 2024 must publish two research articles in Scopus or Web of Science indexed journals before submitting the thesis.

Thesis Specifications:

The thesis should not exceed 250 pages (excluding bibliography, appendices, etc.).
A synopsis, limited to 20 pages, must outline the thesis title, research problem, methodology, organization, and summary of findings.

This framework ensures a comprehensive and structured approach to the PhD program at HMS, aligning with international standards.


This website serves as an informational platform with the primary aim of assisting students who aspire to enroll in courses of their choice. It provides information on Admission News, Admission Alerts, and Notifications for various Courses and Programs offered by different Universities, Institutes, and Colleges, including guidance for PhD programs. It is important to note that the information presented on this website is partial and intended for the general awareness of students. For accurate and comprehensive details, it is strongly advised to refer to the official Admission Notifications issued by the respective University/Institute/College. This website disclaims responsibility for any inaccuracies or incompleteness in the information provided.